Posted in css
310
11:26 pm, December 14, 2021

center align vertical 2 items in a container flex

i had this issue and i was pretty sure that flex center could fix it but it was causing the two items in the div to sit next to each other, which was annoying as it was a header and content, but i still wanted them to be vertically aligned.

It seems this can be fixed with flex-direction.

So we can see the default behaviour here, we are getting the vertical alignment we want but the items are next to each other which is what we dont want. 

So this can be fixed with flex-direction: column;

You can see this in item 2. It even treats the <br> as a block/column element, so we can also remove that. 

Here is the result.

HTML

<h2>Item 1 - Normal Flex Center</h2>
<p>This item shows normal flex center, and how it aligns the strong and the p next to each other. </p>
<div class='wrap-1'>
  <div class='item-1'>
    <strong>Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet</strong><br>
    <p>Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Duis rutrum sapien non ornare sagittis. Fusce quis dignissim felis. Pellentesque iaculis nisl et est ultricies, id mollis lorem volutpat. Praesent nec nunc vel quam facilisis scelerisque a ut orci. Sed sed enim vestibulum ex commodo venenatis vitae in mi. In eu velit sed nunc euismod tempor ac at odio. Mauris sit amet mi ac turpis rutrum congue sit amet id nunc.</p>
  </div>
</div>

<h2>Item 2 - flex-direction: column</h2>
<p>Adding the flex-direction: column to item-2 you can see its now vertically aligned in the middle but no longer puts the elements next to each other. </p>
<div class='wrap-2'>
  <div class='item-2'>
    <strong>Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet</strong>
    <p>Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Duis rutrum sapien non ornare sagittis. Fusce quis dignissim felis. Pellentesque iaculis nisl et est ultricies, id mollis lorem volutpat. Praesent nec nunc vel quam facilisis scelerisque a ut orci. Sed sed enim vestibulum ex commodo venenatis vitae in mi. In eu velit sed nunc euismod tempor ac at odio. Mauris sit amet mi ac turpis rutrum congue sit amet id nunc.</p>
  </div>
</div>

<h2>Item 2 - flex-direction: column with left aligned text</h2>
<p>You probably dont always want to have center aligned texy but still want the vertical spacing / padding so here it is with left aligned text rather than centered text. </p>
<div class='wrap-3'>
  <div class='item-3'>
    <strong>Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet</strong>
    <p>Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Duis rutrum sapien non ornare sagittis. Fusce quis dignissim felis. Pellentesque iaculis nisl et est ultricies, id mollis lorem volutpat. Praesent nec nunc vel quam facilisis scelerisque a ut orci. Sed sed enim vestibulum ex commodo venenatis vitae in mi. In eu velit sed nunc euismod tempor ac at odio. Mauris sit amet mi ac turpis rutrum congue sit amet id nunc.</p>
  </div>
</div>

CSS

.item-1 {
	height:400px;
  	display: flex;
	align-items: center;
	justify-content: center;
    border-top:1px solid #CCC;
    border-bottom:1px solid #CCC;
}
.item-2 {
	height:400px;
  	display: flex;
	align-items: center;
	justify-content: center;
  	flex-direction: column;
    border-top:1px solid #CCC;
    border-bottom:1px solid #CCC;
}
.item-3 {
  	text-align:left;
	height:400px;
  	display: flex;
	align-items: left;
	justify-content: center;
  	flex-direction: column;
    border-top:1px solid #CCC;
    border-bottom:1px solid #CCC;
}

Item 1 - Normal Flex Center

This item shows normal flex center, and how it aligns the strong and the p next to each other.

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Duis rutrum sapien non ornare sagittis. Fusce quis dignissim felis. Pellentesque iaculis nisl et est ultricies, id mollis lorem volutpat. Praesent nec nunc vel quam facilisis scelerisque a ut orci. Sed sed enim vestibulum ex commodo venenatis vitae in mi. In eu velit sed nunc euismod tempor ac at odio. Mauris sit amet mi ac turpis rutrum congue sit amet id nunc.

Item 2 - flex-direction: column

Adding the flex-direction: column to item-2 you can see its now vertically aligned in the middle but no longer puts the elements next to each other.

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Duis rutrum sapien non ornare sagittis. Fusce quis dignissim felis. Pellentesque iaculis nisl et est ultricies, id mollis lorem volutpat. Praesent nec nunc vel quam facilisis scelerisque a ut orci. Sed sed enim vestibulum ex commodo venenatis vitae in mi. In eu velit sed nunc euismod tempor ac at odio. Mauris sit amet mi ac turpis rutrum congue sit amet id nunc.

Item 2 - flex-direction: column with left aligned text

You probably dont always want to have center aligned texy but still want the vertical spacing / padding so here it is with left aligned text rather than centered text.

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Duis rutrum sapien non ornare sagittis. Fusce quis dignissim felis. Pellentesque iaculis nisl et est ultricies, id mollis lorem volutpat. Praesent nec nunc vel quam facilisis scelerisque a ut orci. Sed sed enim vestibulum ex commodo venenatis vitae in mi. In eu velit sed nunc euismod tempor ac at odio. Mauris sit amet mi ac turpis rutrum congue sit amet id nunc.

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"Olivia, my eldest daughter, caught measles when she was seven years old. As the illness took its usual course I can remember reading to her often in bed and not feeling particularly alarmed about it. Then one morning, when she was well on the road to recovery, I was sitting on her bed showing her how to fashion little animals out of coloured pipe-cleaners, and when it came to her turn to make one herself, I noticed that her fingers and her mind were not working together and she couldn’t do anything. 'Are you feeling all right?' I asked her. 'I feel all sleepy,' she said. In an hour, she was unconscious. In twelve hours she was dead. The measles had turned into a terrible thing called measles encephalitis and there was nothing the doctors could do to save her. That was...in 1962, but even now, if a child with measles happens to develop the same deadly reaction from measles as Olivia did, there would still be nothing the doctors could do to help her. On the other hand, there is today something that parents can do to make sure that this sort of tragedy does not happen to a child of theirs. They can insist that their child is immunised against measles. ...I dedicated two of my books to Olivia, the first was ‘James and the Giant Peach’. That was when she was still alive. The second was ‘The BFG’, dedicated to her memory after she had died from measles. You will see her name at the beginning of each of these books. And I know how happy she would be if only she could know that her death had helped to save a good deal of illness and death among other children."

I just checked google books for BFG, and the dedication is there. 

https://www.google.com.au/books/edition/_/quybcXrFhCIC?hl=en&gbpv=1 


Roald Dahl, 1986