border-bottom
Quick Summary for border-bottom
The border-bottom shorthand CSS property sets an element's bottom border. It sets the values of border-bottom-width, border-bottom-style and border-bottom-color.
Code Usage for border-bottom
border-bottom-style: dotted; border-bottom: thick green; 
More Details for border-bottom

border-bottom

The border-bottom shorthand CSS property sets an element's bottom border. It sets the values of border-bottom-width, border-bottom-style and border-bottom-color.

As with all shorthand properties, border-bottom always sets the values of all of the properties that it can set, even if they are not specified. It sets those that are not specified to their default values. This means that ...

border-bottom-style: dotted; border-bottom: thick green; 

... is actually the same as ...

border-bottom-style: dotted; border-bottom: none thick green; 

... and the value of border-bottom-style given before border-bottom is ignored. Since the default value of border-bottom-style is none, not specifying the border-style part results in no border.

Constituent properties

This property is a shorthand for the following CSS properties:

border-bottom-color border-bottom-style border-bottom-width

Syntax

border-bottom: 1px; border-bottom: 2px dotted; border-bottom: medium dashed blue;  /* Global values */ border-bottom: inherit; border-bottom: initial; border-bottom: revert; border-bottom: unset; 

The three values of the shorthand property can be specified in any order, and one or two of them may be omitted.

Values

<br-width>

See border-bottom-width.

<br-style>

See border-bottom-style.

<color>

See border-bottom-color.

Formal definition

Initial valueas each of the properties of the shorthand:border-bottom-width: mediumborder-bottom-style: noneborder-bottom-color: currentcolor
Applies toall elements. It also applies to ::first-letter.
Inheritedno
Computed valueas each of the properties of the shorthand:border-bottom-width: the absolute length or 0 if border-bottom-style is none or hiddenborder-bottom-style: as specifiedborder-bottom-color: computed color
Animation typeas each of the properties of the shorthand:border-bottom-color: a colorborder-bottom-style: discreteborder-bottom-width: a length

Formal syntax

<line-width> || <line-style> || <color>

where <line-width> = <length> | thin | medium | thick<line-style> = none | hidden | dotted | dashed | solid | double | groove | ridge | inset | outset<color> = <rgb()> | <rgba()> | <hsl()> | <hsla()> | <hwb()> | <hex-color> | <named-color> | currentcolor | <deprecated-system-color>

where <rgb()> = rgb( <percentage>{3} [ / <alpha-value> ]? ) | rgb( <number>{3} [ / <alpha-value> ]? ) | rgb( <percentage>#{3} , <alpha-value>? ) | rgb( <number>#{3} , <alpha-value>? )<rgba()> = rgba( <percentage>{3} [ / <alpha-value> ]? ) | rgba( <number>{3} [ / <alpha-value> ]? ) | rgba( <percentage>#{3} , <alpha-value>? ) | rgba( <number>#{3} , <alpha-value>? )<hsl()> = hsl( <hue> <percentage> <percentage> [ / <alpha-value> ]? ) | hsl( <hue>, <percentage>, <percentage>, <alpha-value>? )<hsla()> = hsla( <hue> <percentage> <percentage> [ / <alpha-value> ]? ) | hsla( <hue>, <percentage>, <percentage>, <alpha-value>? )<hwb()> = hwb( [<hue> | none] [<percentage> | none] [<percentage> | none] [ / [<alpha-value> | none] ]? )

where <alpha-value> = <number> | <percentage><hue> = <number> | <angle>

Examples

Applying a bottom border

HTML
<div>   This box has a border on the bottom side. </div> 
CSS
div {   border-bottom: 4px dashed blue;   background-color: gold;   height: 100px;   width: 100px;   font-weight: bold;   text-align: center; } 
Results

Specifications

Specification
CSS Backgrounds and Borders Module Level 4 # border-shorthands

See also

border border-block outline

Last modified: Aug 12, 2021, by MDN contributors

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