Posted in C
200
12:25 pm, December 12, 2021

Hello world in C and seeing what it is actually doing

One of the most simple C applications, how to compile it and how to objdump it. 

C

#include 

int main()
{
  int i;
  for(i=0;i < 10; i++)
  {
    puts("Hello Mac\n");
  }
  return 0;
}

This will return the string Hello Mac 10 times.

lets compile and run it

gcc firstprog.c
ls -l
./a.out 

now see what its really doing

objdump -D a.out | grep -A20 main.:

Random Fact about 32 vs 64 bit processors.

32-bit processors have 232 (or 4,294,967,296) possible addresses
64-bit ones have 264 (1.84467441 x 1019) possible addresses

Each byte is shown in hexadecimal notation which is a base 16 numbering system, rather than the normal system we are used to which is base-10. Hex uses 0 - 9 and also A - F for 10 - 15. 

Show what it would look like with intel formatting

objdump -M intel -D a.out | grep -A20 main.:

Note this will throw an error on arm based mac's, for obvious reasons.

objdump: error: 'a.out': Unrecognized disassembler option: intel

.

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